The town of Labo is geographically located relatively at the center of the province of Camarines Norte. It is approximately 335 kilometers south of Manila and 15 kilometers away from Daet, the capital town of the province.
Its aggregate land area of 648.84 km² occupies more than 25% of the total land area of the province. Its 52 component barangays represent 18.44% of the total barangays of the province.
The surface of the municipality is generally rugged, rolling hills and mountainous terrain with relative small rollings and flat terrain. Mt. Cadig (736 meters above sea level), Mt. Labo(1544 meters above sea level), Mt. Bagacay (786 meters above sea level) and Mt. Nalisbitan (265 meters above sea level) form the Southern Cordillera. Boundaries of Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, and Quezon provinces converge on Mt. Labo, which is the highest peak in the province. Mt. Bagacay serves as a boundary between municipalities of Paracale and Labo and it as well guards the municipality from strong north winds especially during typhoons. Mt. Labo, Mt. Bagacay, and Mt. Cadig are the three major known dormant volcanoes in the municipality.
There is no pronounced dry season and maximum rain period from December to January.
Labo being located at the center of the province and the most populous town serves as the agricultural center as well as potential investment destination and promotion center for business, trades, and secondary industrial growth center. It is abundant with natural resources such as gold, nickel, iron, magnetite sand, copper, lead and manganese. Most of the provincial water supplies are located at barangay Tulay na Lupa and Lugui which serves seven out of the 12 municipalities. Agriculture is the leading livelihood of the residents of Labo. Due to abundant forest products such as rattan and bamboo, local folks tend to manufacture and market handicrafts.
An area of 390.39 km² (65.17% of municipal’s land area) is devoted to agricultural crop production, 343.46 km² of which are coconut plantations. On the other hand, 18.47 km² is used for rice production. Banana production is also popular in the province, followed by Pineapple and Pili.
Tourism is also a good source of income for Labo, being surrounded by freshwater and mountains suitable for hikings.
Other community livelihood follows: pineapple and coco-based processing and preservation, pineapple weaving (Barong), jewelry making and accessories, foods manufacturing and beverages processing, other tourism related industries and wood and bamboo furniture making.
Labo is politically subdivided into 52 barangays.
- Anahaw (Poblacion)
- Bagong Silang I
- Bagong Silang II
- Bagong Silang III
- Gumamela (Poblacion)
- Kalamunding (Poblacion)
- Mabilo I
- Mabilo II
- Pinya (Poblacion)
- San Antonio
- San Francisco (Poblacion)
- Santa Cruz
- Tulay Na Lupa
As of 2015 census
• Total 101,082
Bicol Dialect and mostly Tagalog as their mode of communication and also speak English Language.
Majority is Roman Catholic. Other religions include Iglesia ni Cristo, United Church of Christ, Born Again Christians, Seventh Day Adventist Church of Christ of the Later Day Saints, Islam Jehovahs witness and many more.
CULTURE, TRADITION AND FOLKLORE
Social traditions and beliefs – It is typical Filipino to be religious. They believe on spirits that affects the daily lives. These beliefs and traditions are passed through generations.
Conception and Giving Birth – A pregnant woman is prohibited to frown or laugh at despicable things for the baby will acquire properties of the despised thing. She is also prohibited to go to isolated places because when a bad spirit sees her, she may give birth too soon.
Baptism – It is important that a baby should be baptized on time. Unbaptized babies are closer to the devil because they are not holy to protect themselves. It is also important that the Godparents of the baby are good individuals because the baby will get such behavior from them.
Courting and Engagement – There are instances that marriage is agreed by the parents while the boy and the girl are still babies. Unknowingly, a woman may have been agreed to be married to a specific man. Most of the time, a man who likes a lady, talks to the lady’s parent’s to win their approval. The man, helps with the household chores and avoids to do things perfectly, any mistake may mean failure.
These traditions and beliefs are still widely practiced. Despite the growth of modern technologies, almost everybody still believes in luck.